Cochrane Interactive Learning

Module 9: Introduction to health economics

About this module

Part of the Cochrane Interactive Learning course on Conducting an Intervention Review, this module will give you an introduction to health economics, and the considerations for this in a systematic review.

Duration 45-60 minutes

What you can expect to learn (learning outcomes)

This module will teach you to:

  • Define economic theory
  • Understand what is cost in an economic evaluation
  • Differentiate 'up-front' and 'downstream' costs
  • Identify factors of resource use relevant to decision making
  • Understand the role and relevance of economic evidence in Cochrane Intervention Reviews

Authors, contributors, and how to cite this module

Module 9 has been written and compiled by:

Luke Vale and Patricia Aluko, Health Economics Group, Newcastle University, UK.

Ian Shemilt, University College London, UK.

Dario Sambunjak, Miranda Cumpston and Chris Watts, Cochrane Central Executive Team..

A full list of acknowledgements, including our expert advisors from across Cochrane, is available at the end of each module page.

This module should be cited as: Vale L, Aluko P, Shemilt I, Sambunjak D, Cumpston M, Watts C. Module 9: Introduction to health economics. In: Cochrane Interactive Learning: Conducting an intervention review. Cochrane, 2017. Available from

Update and feedback

The module was last updated on September 2022.

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